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NOTES

[1] I am using “charity” here in its contemporary sense, rather than in the sense used in some older translations of the Bible in which charity is the translation given for agape.

[2] Robert L. Saucy, “Theology of Human Nature,” in Christian Perspectives on Being Human: A Multidisciplinary Approach, J.P. Moreland and David M. Ciocchi, eds. (Grand Rapids, MI: Baker, 1993), pp. 17-52.

[3] The right is conditional because we may forfeit it. For example, if I am able to work and work is available, but I choose not to do so out of sloth or for some other bad reason, it does not follow that others are obligated to help meet my basic needs.

[4] Joseph Butler, Fifteen Sermons (London: G. Bell and Sons, 1914), p. 83.

[5] See also Butler, Fifteen Sermons, p. 87.

[6] Immanuel Kant, Grounding for the Metaphysics of Morals, 3rd edition (Indianapolis,IN: Hackett, 1993), pp. 19-20. For more on Kant’s views here and their connection to faith in God, see Kelly James Clark and Anne Poortenga, The Story of Ethics (Upper Saddle River, NJ: PrenticeHall, 2003), pp. 66-71.

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